Islamic History Of Karbala Battle | Background | Causes | Complete History

Islamic History Of Karbala Battle Its Background & Causes

Background Of Karbala Battle:

Karbala Battle (war of Ashura) took place on 10th of Muharram-61st Hajira October 13,680 AD, Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) and his Ahl-e-Bayt (A.S), Shahba (R.A) Fought against an evil army of Yazid who was become 2nd Umayyad caliph after his father Muawiya’s death.
The Major Cause of this battle Yazid was wanted to take allegiance to Imam Hussain (A.S) but the son of the Prophet (PBUH) Refused (Bayt) to Yazid.

Migration From Medina To Makkah:

The Migration of Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) has begun from the Holy city Medina towards the Makkah. Because Yazid wanted to an allegiance (Bayt) from Imam Hussain (A.S) but Imam (A.S) Refused his proposal, Imam (A.S) and his family and his colleagues were migrated from Madina to Makkah.
Hazrat Muhammad Hanafiya (R.A) was not part of this journey. He is another son Of Imam Ali (A.S) which stayed in Medina. Hazrat Hanafiya (R.A) came to bid farewell to his Brother and Imam Hussain (A.S) wrote a letter.on that letter imam (A.S) mentioned that.
(My reason for Migration to Medina is not for Kingdom but I Seek the reformation of the Umma of my grandfather (Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and I want to order you to the good and forbid bad sins and you all must have to follow the sunnah Of the last Apostle of God).
Ahlebait (A.S) traveled through the main path of Holy Makka, during their journey Imam (A.S) met Hazrat Abdullah bin Muti (R.A) suggests Imam Hussain(A.S) that the people of Kufa are disloyal with you kindly keep away from these cheaters.
Finally, the grandson of the prophet Reached. After four months from 3rd Shaban to Zul-Hajj 8, the Family of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) stayed in Makkah.

Hazrat Muslim Bin Aqeel (R.A) In Kufa: 

Imam Hussain (A.S) wrote a letter for the peoples of Kufa and gave that letter to his cousin, Hazrat Muslim Bin Aqeel (R.A), and sent him to Kufa for analyzing the conditions.
when Hazrat Muslim (R.A) arrived at Kufa, He decided to stay in the home of Hazrat Hani bin Urawa(R.A) that, After that Hazrat Muslim (R.A) took Bayt from to peoples of Kufa for the sake of Hazrat Imam Husain (A.S). 
According to some Shia, Sunni Ulemas 12000,18000 or even more than 30000. a thousand peoples agreed to give allegiance to Imam Hussain (A.S) through Hazrat Muslim (R.A).
Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (R.A) wrote a letter to Holy Imam (A.S) and acknowledged him about the conditions of Kufa that, everything is under control, now you may proceed with your journey.
When evil Yazid heard that the people of Kufa agreed to follow to Hazrat Muslim (R.A) then Yazid appointed Ibn Ziyad as a new governor of Kufa, Ibn Ziyad gave 1st order to find Hazrat Muslim (A.R) kill him.

Imam Hussain (A.S) Movement From Makkah to Kufa: 

On the day of Tuesday, Zull-Hajj 8th the same day when Imam Hussain (A.S) heard the sad news about Hazrat Muslim (R.A) that he has martyred in Kufa after that Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) decided to left Makkah and continued his journey towards Kufa. Along with his Ahlebait(A.S) and his loyal companions, at time Imam Hussain (A.S), converts his Hajj into Umrah and left Makka.
on the other hand, Ibn Ziyad sent his force in order to stop Imam (a.s). After Hazrat Hurr blocked the path of Hazrat Imam Hussain (a.s), in order to stop their journey toward the Kufa, he encountered the army of ‘Umar bin Saad who was appointed by the governor ‘ibn. Ziyad was the commanding officer of that army.

Finally, Ahyl-e-Bayt (A.S) and Hussaini Force Reached Karbala:

On 2nd Muharram 61 Hijri, our Holy Imam Hussain (A.S) and his less number of Hussaini forces reached on the place of Karbala. on the 3rd of Muharram-ul-haram Yazidi commander, Umer bin Saad entered Karbala with his 4000 thousand force. 
ibn Ziad offered Umer bin saad if he kills Hazrat imam Hussain then he will be rewarded as a new governor of Rey (city of Iraq)
Negotiation Between Imam Hussain (A.S) And Umer bin Saad: 
At the place of Karbala Umer bin saad, sent a message to Hazrat imam Hussain (A.S), that I wanna talk with you about this situation. in the answer to Umar bin saad’s later Hazrat Imam Hussain replied that if the people of Kufa don’t want to need me anymore so I can return back toward Madina along with my family and companions
when Ibn Saad heard he replied he became happy. So he Worte a letter to Ubydullah bin Ziyad and informed him that Imam (A.S) and his force are agreed to go back but the greedy Ibn Ziyad commanded Umer bin saad for taking allegiance (Bayt) from Imam Hussain (A.S) and his force. for the sake of evil Yazid bin Muawiya.

Ibin’Ziyad sent Large Military To Karbala: 

Governor of Kufa Ubydullah bin Ziyad Sends his large military force from Kufa towards the Karbala along with Shimr a person who obeyed the order of Ibn Ziyad.
According to some Islamic Scholars army of Yazid Was not only in thousand but almost 10,0000 and others believe that the numbers of soldiers in Yazid force were 9,00000 and Umer bin Saad was the commander of his big army.

On 7th Muharram Water Was Banned For Ahl-e-Bayt (A.S) And Shaba (R.A): 

On 7th Muharram Ibn Ziyad Wrote a letter to Umer Ibn Saad and ordered him to block access of water from the Hussaini force. In simple words, they won’t be allowed to drink a single drop of water. 
Ibn Saad ordered to Amr bin Hajjaj to go Bank of River Furaat with 500 horse riders and ban Imam Hussain’s water.
Last Meeting Of Imam Hussain (A.S) With Umer Bin Saad:
In the last meeting of Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) with Umer bin Saad. Ummer bin saad demanded that whether you have to allegiance on Yazid or ready to die.
When the Governor of Kufa was read the letter then he said; Indeed Hussain Ibn Ali (A.S) cares most for his Grand Father Umma. but he rejected it then Ibn Ziyad and Wrote another letter to Ibn Saad to tell Imam Hussain (A.S) and his Hussaini Shahba (R.A) to Surrender and taking allegiance to Yazid if they not accepted then kill them all.

Day Of Karbala Battle (Ashura): 

Book of Hadith Such as (sahih-Muslim) and (sahih-Bukhari), before Karbala Battle 1st of all Imam Hussain (A.S) and his force, offered “Fajr” Prayer; after that Imam (A.S) organized his force. In his force, they are 72 soldiers. on the day of the Karbala Battle Hazrat Hur (R.A) along with his son (Ali bin hur) and his slave came to the battleground of Karbala they Apologize from Hazrat imam Hussain for their bad deeds. After that Hazrat imam, Hussain forgive them
Hazrat Hurr and his son (Hazrat Ali bin Hur) joined Imam Hussain’s (A.S) army. At the starting of the Karbala Battle 50 Shaba of Imam Hussain (A.S) was martyred in 1st attacks of the Yazidi forces. then Hussaini soldiers were going one by one. bold companions of Hussain (A.S) fought like a lion.
In the early morning of that war, the first brave person came forth and asked for permission to go on the battlefield, that first person who gave that permission was prince Ali Akbar. After that, all the Ahly bayt went to battle, and sadly all were martyred their

Martyrdom Of Imam Hussain(A.S): 

After the martyrdom of all his companions, Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) left alone in the battleground. after that, he went to battle and attacked to Yazidi forces like wounded Lion, Imam (A.S) killed thousands of Yazidi soldiers, and then Umer bin saad said he is the son of Imam Ali (A.S) no one can kill him alone. At last Imam, Hussain (A.S) Heard the Holy voice of Allah.
“God said to Imam Hussain (يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُارْجِعِي إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ رَاضِيَةً مَرْضِيَّةً فَادْخُلِي فِي عِبَادِي وَادْخُلِي جَنَّتِي ) Translation O reassuring soul, return to your Lord satisfied and satisfactory, so enter into my servants, and enter my garden.). Ibn Saad ordered his Army to surrounded Imam Hussain (A.S) Attack him Quickly After they attacked him” 
Imam (A.S) was very Injured but he realized that there was the time of “Asher Prayer” after that Imam Hussain (A.S) performed Namaz-e-Asher during Prayer Umer Saad ordered Shimr to be headed Hazrat imam Hussain at that time Hazrat imam Hussain was in sujood. Shimar took off his Sword, and crudely cut-off the Holy Head of Imam Hussain (A.S)

After the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A.S):

After the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A.S), the Yazidi force robbed the tents of Ahl-e-Bayt (A.S) only Imam Zain-ul-Abdin Bin Hussain (A.S) and Imam Baqir Bin Ali Zain-ul-Abdin (A.S) and Some Females of Banu Hasim (Ahl-e-Bayt) were left.
Umer bin Saad Commanding his 10 Horsemen to crush over the holy body of Imam Hussain (A.S) with their Huge Horses. the Holy head of Imam Hussain (A.S) and heads all of his force sent to Ibn Ziyad in Kufa.
They left Ahl-e-Bayt (A.S) their martyred bodies unburied. Family of Holy Prophet (PBUH) was sent to the Kufa with martyrs heads in Ibn Ziyad court and then the court of evil Yazid in Damascus (Sham).

Banu Asad Tribe Burias The Martyrs:

On 11th or 13th Muharram-ul-haram, the bodies of martyrs of Karbala were buried. after that Yazidi Army left their tribes Known as Banu Asad who were living near Karbala. After the Karbala Battle Banu Asad come at night, and Prayed (Namaz-e-Janaza) upon the martyrs and Buried them. Imam Hussain (A.S) and his Ahl-e-Bayt (A.S), Hussaini Shaba (R.A) are the real Saviors of Islam.

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